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Herb Reference Guide

Jujube

History

Not to be confused with the chewy candy popular in the earlier century in movie theaters. This is a deciduous shrub that will grow from 15-30 feet in height with shiny, oval shaped green leaves and thorny branches producing a reddish fruit. It is widely cultivated and distributed which makes it difficult to pinpoint the species origin, but it is thought to have originated somewhere between Iran and Eastern China. The fresh and dried fruits have been consumed in many different forms; jams, wines, dried fruits cooked as an ingredient in several dishes, in addition to other sweet beverages and confections. Traditional herbalists and practitioners have utilized the fruit, leaves, and seeds of Jujube Dates.

Function

The components of Jujube that are present in quantities likely to be responsible for observed activity are called triterpenes, known collectively for this herb as jujubosides. The jujubosides are nearly identical to the active constituents found in Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng), an herb that is traditionally used to support calm and as a general health tonic. The seed of Jujube date is used in a classic and often recommended formula in Traditional Chinese Medicine known as Zizyphus combination, a formula dating back to 220 A.D. This formula was recommended for supporting healthy sleep throughout the night.

Uses of Jujube

Disclaimer

This information in our Herbal Reference Guide is intended only as a general reference for further exploration, and is not a replacement for professional health advice. This content does not provide dosage information, format recommendations, toxicity levels, or possible interactions with prescription drugs. Accordingly, this information should be used only under the direct supervision of a qualified health practitioner such as a naturopathic physician.

Active Constituents

Includes but not limited to; betulin, betulinic acid, ceanothic acid, coumarin, jujubosides, oleanic acid, sapponins and ursolic acid.

Parts Used

  • Seed

Important precautions

Not to be used during pregnancy or lactation. If you have a medical condition or take pharmaceutical drugs please consult with your doctor before using this.

Additional Resources

Zhu Youping, Chinese Materia Medica: Chemistry, Pharmacology, and Applications, 1998 Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam

Lou Songnian, et al., Sedative and hypnotic actions of raw and fried suanzaoren, Journal of Chinese Herb Research 1987; (2): 18-19.

Wu Zimou and Li Hongjian, Insomnia: Its symptom-sign complexes and treatments, Journal of the American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine 1984 (3): 51-54.